[T]he NSDAP's mania for destroying the Jewish population arose from a mis-interpretation of their own beliefs. For Europeans, Jewish-style materialistic philosophy is the exact opposite of the kind of transcendental idealism that has characterized European belief systems for as far into the past as history can see.
The most important unmentioned concept here however is context. In the context of Germany, Judaic thought is out of place. In the context of Israel, Germanic thought is. Each culture needs its own space, and its own beliefs, and to mix them is to cause what people now call "racism" and "anti-Semitism." Multiculturalism, a form of pluralism, creates the antagonisms we know as prejudice.
Theodor Herzl, the famous Zionist, knew this. He wrote:
"The Jewish question persists wherever Jews live in appreciable numbers. Wherever it does not exist, it is brought in together with Jewish immigrants. We are naturally drawn into those places where we are not persecuted, and our appearance there gives rise to persecution. This is the case, and will inevitably be so, everywhere, even in highly civilised countries—see, for instance, France—so long as the Jewish question is not solved on the political level. The unfortunate Jews are now carrying the seeds of anti-Semitism into England; they have already introduced it into America."
His point was that since each nation has a nationality, introduction of a "nationless" group, for example Jews, will cause resentment and bring about the kind of prejudice that has marked anti-Jewish activity in every host nation they have had. Herzl saw the situation as a relatively blameless one; Jews were wandering in the diaspora, looking for a place to live, but because the inhabitants of those places wanted to preserve their own national culture, they fought back with bigotry.
Right or left, we as Americans are blind to the reason for Israel because we don't understand nationalism. We don't have a national identity. We are surrounded by two countries that don't have national identity, Canada and Mexico. Canada is mixed European (mostly) like the US; Mexico has Spanish castes and indios, or Amerindian, castes.
In America, we are driven by a mania for multiculturalism -- which is how you prove you're a nice guy, because you want equality which will keep the peace and end conflict, which is supposed to be "good" evil though it entails fatal levels of compromise -- so we can't imagine deliberately setting ourselves apart and saying, "I am Jewish."
But we're new hands to this game. Jews have been beat up, pogromized, tortured, gassed, etc. for nearly 3,000 years, most of which have been spent in the diaspora or period of nationless, landless wandering. Yet they've kept it together and preserved their ethnicity, culture, language and customs during this time.
(Raises beer glass) To the Jews! To Israel!